Garry Kasparov is considered the greatest chess player of all time and even called a genius in the chess world. He retired in 2005, and from 1986 up till his retirement; he held the number one rank of the best players in the world for 225 months out of 228 months. He also at one time in 1999 held the highest peak rating of 2851, which was surpassed in 2013 by Magnus Carlsen. Kasparov also has 15 consecutive professional tournament victories, and 11 Chess Oscar wins.
He is Russian and was born on the 13th of April, 1963. He started playing chess when he was six years old, and by the time he was 13, he won the Soviet Youth Championship. He won his first international tournament three years later in 1979, and he was awarded the honor of Chess Grandmaster in 1980. He was under the tutelage of former world chess champion, Mikhail Botvinnik.
At the age of 22, he became the undisputed World Chess Champion – the youngest ever to win the title. He was also the official FIDE world titleholder until 1993. In 1996, he played against the IBM supercomputer, Deep Blue, which he won. In 1997 he agreed to a rematch with the team of programmers that designed deep blue.
The computer was upgraded to one with a higher intelligence level and Kasparov lost. The match was highly publicized, and the loss made him the first world champion to lose to a computer under standard time controls.
He was the “Classical” World Chess Champion until 2000, and even after losing the title, he continued to win different tournaments. He was the highest-rated chess player in the year at the time he retired in 2005.
He is not just known to be a chess player; he is also a political activist and a writer. Since his retirement, he has gone on to form a movement of his own called The United Civil Front Movement. He also became a member of The Other Russia, a movement set up to oppose the policies of the Vladimir Putin Administration.
Even as a player, he demonstrated his activism when he had a dispute with FIDE, and he set up another chess organization called The Professional Chess Association. He also worked as a contributing editor for the Wall Street Journal in 1991.
In his playing days, he was well-known for his brilliant studying abilities. His playing strategy involved aggressive play in the opening. He has faced every possible situation in Chess, and he has dealt with them all.
No chess player has come close to Kasparov in terms of titles and achievements. He has continued to make giant strides despite his retirement from competitive chess.
He has written some critically-acclaimed books and has remained active as a coach and supporter of chess all over the world. In spite of his disagreements with the Russian government and its policies, in 2014, he was granted Croatian citizenship.