Rules of chess game

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Most of the chess rules have changed from time to time. Learning basic chess rules will help you build a strong footing in  chess world. If you are planning to be a professional chess player this read is a must!

Rules of chess from the 6th century in India to 13th century in Italy changed on basis of mobility of chess pieces such as Bishop and Queen. Rest one major change was the pawn could now move two steps on their initial move which in earlier times wasn’t the case. This rules was introduced because of the pawn having restrictions of only 1 square move, hence by giving it liberty to move two steps fastens the game play.

How many chess pieces are there?

Each side has 16 pieces meaning 32 total chess pieces.

Each side has 1 King, 1 Queen, 2 Bishops, 2 Knights, 2 Rooks and 8 Pawns. However, these days 2 extra queens are provided to each sides for pawn promotion.

How to setup a game ready to play?

chess rules
A chess board set-up

A chessboard has 64 squares; the above shown picture depicts the starting position of all the chessmen!

The white square should always be at your right! Remember this always before setting chess pieces on the board.

What are Rules of chess?

After setting up the board like the above picture, you are ready to start the game. Now, let’s learn the rules of movement of each chessmen or chess pieces.

a) The king moves exactly one square horizontally, vertically or diagonally.

 b) The rook moves horizontally or vertically, through any number of unoccupied squares.

 c) A bishop moves any number of vacant squares in any diagonal direction.

 d) The queen moves any number of vacant squares in a horizontal, vertical or diagonal direction. When making these moves, the bishop, rook or queen may not move over any intervening pieces.

e) A knight moves to the nearest square not on the same rank, file or diagonal. (This can be thought of as moving two squares horizontally then one square vertically, or moving one square horizontally then two squares vertically—i.e. in an “L” pattern.) The knight is not blocked by other pieces: it jumps to the new location.

g) Pawns can move forward one square, if that square is unoccupied. If it has not yet moved, the pawn has the option of moving two squares forward provided both squares in front of the pawn are unoccupied. A pawn cannot move backward. Pawns are the only pieces that capture differently from how they move. They can capture an enemy piece on either of the two spaces adjacent to the space in front of them (i.e., the two squares diagonally in front of them) but cannot move to these spaces if they are vacant. The pawn is also involved in the two special moves en passant and promotion.

Now, that you know the movement of chess pieces lets learn more about Study Basic Chess Strategies and points.


  • The king is infinitely valuable
  • A pawn is worth 1
  • A bishop is worth 3
  • A knight is worth 3
  • A queen is worth 9
  • A rook is worth 5


  • Don’t give pieces away
  • Protect your King
  • Use all of your Chess pieces
  • Control the center of the chess board.

How to Play with Chess Tournament Rules

Many tournaments follow a set of common, similar rules. These rules do not necessarily apply to play at home or online, but you may want to practice with them anyway.

  • Touch-move – If a player touches one of their own pieces they must move that piece as long as it is a legal move. If a player touches an opponent’s piece, they must capture that piece. A player who wishes to touch a piece only to adjust it on the board must first announce the intention, usually by saying “adjust”.
  • Clocks and Timers – Most tournaments use timers to regulate the time spent on each game, not on each move. Each player gets the same amount of time to use for their entire game and can decide how to spend that time. Once a player makes a move they then touch a button or hit a lever to start the opponent’s clock. If a player runs out of time and the opponent calls the time, then the player who ran out of time loses the game (unless the opponent does not have enough pieces to checkmate, in which case it is a draw).

These are the basic chess rules, moves of the chess game. Make sure to keep these in mind while playing.

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